Excerpt
  The following is an excerpt from a chapter in the manual "How to Measure Your Communication Programs" by Angela D. Sinickas
  copyright 2005 Angela D. Sinickas. All rights reserved.   ISBN 0-9661757-1-9
 
    26. Analyzing Your Results  
   
   
When you conduct a survey, you will generally be working with either an internal resource or an external consulting firm to input the raw data and provide the first-level analysis that shows what percentage of respondents chose each of the possible answers. This 'number crunching' will provide you with a report full of numbers and, perhaps, bar charts.  The computer-generated report will show which numbers are statistically valid.
     
However, because you are your organization's expert on communication, you are the best person to translate the jumble of numbers into meaningful, actionable information.
     
Reading this chapter will not make you an expert on interpreting
statistical tables, but it will help you understand how to look at
numbers for their underlying stories.  You'll learn a few tips to
make the numbers you examine more manageable.  You'll also be
introduced to some of the pitfalls non-statisticians can fall into
when interpreting numbers. Specifically, this chapter covers:
     
• Ways of organizing large quantities of numbers, such as lumping
  some together into fewer numbers, collating related data near
  each other and rank ordering to show relationships.

• The differences in what percentages versus mean scores can
  tell you.

• How to interpret demographic differences, both for statistical
  validity and a reality check.

• When you may want to have your raw data weighted for your
  overall results.

• How to avoid reading more into the numbers than you should.
 
   

(End of Excerpt)

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  Table of Contents     (To PREVIEW excerpts CLICK underlined text below.)  
     
  1. Communicate with a Measurement Mindset
    - How Effective are Your Own Communications?
    - Why Bother Measuring Communications?
    - How to Use the Manual
2. Section I: Measurement Tools a la Carte
    - A Beginner's Measurement Toolbox
    - Administering Various Tool
3. Measuring Messages
    - Content Analysis
    - News Release Content Analysis
    - Communication Pattern Analysis
    - Adapted Starch Test
    - Knowledge Testing
4. Measuring Publications and Audiovisuals
    - Objective Media Review
    - Reading Level Test
    - Readership/Viewership Surveys
    - The Semantic Differential
    - Distribution Analysis
    - Minisurveys
5. Measuring Memos, E-Mail and Phone Mail
    - "In-Box" Analysis
    - Content Analysis
    - "Memo Mania" Tracking
6. Measuring Intranets and Web Sites
    - Measuring Outcomes Against Objectives
    - Measuring Web and Intranet Usage
    - Conducting Research with Your Website Users
    - Using Intranets and Web Sites as Measurement Tools
7. Measuring Media Relations
    - Typical Analysis of Clips
    - Advertising Value Equivalency (AVE)
    - News Release Content Analysis
    - Track Avoidance of Negative Coverage
    - Surveying Reporters
    - Adding Questions to Existing Market Research Studies
    - Tracking Behavior Changes Against Media Coverage
8. Measuring Face-to-Face Communication
    - Analysis of Supervisor Communication Skills
    - Communication Diary
    - Analysis of Meeting Effectiveness
    - Network Analysis
    - Message Diffusion Tracking
9. Measuring Feedback Systems
    - Official Feedback Programs
    - Measuring Unsolicited Feedback
10. Measuring Communication Climate
    - Critical Incident Analysis
    - Communication Climate (Attitude) Analysis

11. Measuring Behaviors and Outcomes
    - Looking at Existing Data in New Ways
    - Tracking Behaviors
    - Identifying Sources of New Customers/Employees
    - Operational Communication Analysis
    - Decision-Making Communication Analysis

12. Section II: How to Conduct a Communication Audit
    - Beyond the Beginner's Toolbox
    - In This Section
    - Choosing the Right Research Methods

13. Getting Buy-in for the Audit
    - Doors and Windows of Opportunity
    - Shopping for Buy-in
    - Preparing Your Proposal

14. Working with Your Task Force
    - How Large a Task Force
    - Selection Criteria
    - Meeting Site Selection
    - Tools and Materials

15. First Task Force Meeting
    - Agenda for the first Task Force Meeting
    - Meeting Leader's Help Sheet

16. Developing Questions for Interviews and Focus Groups
    - Developing Your Own Unique Questions
    - A Starter List of Questions

17. Recording Responses from Interviews and Focus Groups
    - Inter-Departmental Information Flow
    - Effectiveness of Communication Media

18. How to Conduct Executive Interviews
    - The Purpose of Executive Interviews
    - Fulfilling Your Personal Objectives
    - Similarities to Journalistic Interviews
    - Differences from Journalistic Interviews
    - Announcing the Interview
    - Practicing Your Interview Technique
    - Conducting the Interview

19. Second Task Force Meeting
    - Agenda for the Second Task Force Meeting
    - Meeting Leader's Help Sheet

20. Preparing to Conduct Focus Groups
    - What Constitutes a Focus Group
    - Focus Groups vs. Study Groups
    - How Focus Groups Relate to Study Groups
    - How to Select Focus Group Members
    - How to Invite Focus Group Participants

21. Facilitating Focus Groups
    - Scheduling Focus Groups
    - Location and Room Arrangements
    - Note-Taking vs. Recording
    - Choosing a Facilitator
    - Tips for Facilitating the Sessions

22. Third Task Force Meeting
    - Agenda for the Third Task Force Meeting
    - Meeting Leader's Help Sheet

23. Constructing Survey Form Questions
    - Determining Topics to Include on the Survey
    - Phrasing Questions for Clarity and Impact

24. Developing the Format of Your Survey Form
    - Designing the Survey's Overall Effect
    - How to Record Answers
    - How to Structure Responses
    - How to Organize Responses

25. Administering Survey Forms
    - Who Should Be Surveyed
    - When to Conduct Surveys
    - How to Distribute Questionnaires
    - How to Collect Questionnaires
    - Administering Your Survey

26. Analyzing Your Results
    - Organizing Your Overall Results
    - Detailed Analysis

27. Reporting Your Results
    - Types of Reports
    - Sections of a Report
    - Some Guiding Principles

28. Final Task Force Meeting
    - Agenda for the Final Task Force Meeting
    - Meeting Leader's Help Sheet

29. Index
 
 
 

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